This study is to evaluate a relationship between behavioral factors of safety for workers at fire stations and hospitals. The purpose of this study is to provide basic information that describes various factors to reduce traffic accidents. The major tool of this study was the Korean Self-Analysis Driver Questionnaire. This questionnaire contains categories which measure driver’s opinions and attitudes on his or her own driving: driving courtesy, emotion control, observance of traffic law, speed, vehicle condition, drug taking, high-risk behavior, and human factor. To analyze the data, a total of 126 drivers from the medical personnel and fire officials were investigated from April to June, 2012. The analysis of the data was based on the questionnaire and used descriptive statistics with SPSS program.
The results were as follows:
1. A total of 94 males (74.6%) and 32 females (25.4%) participated in this study. The disproportionate amount of male participants is likely due to the higher percentage of males working as fire officials. 2. A total of 64 fire officials (78.0%) and 39 medical personnel (88.6%) have received a bachelor’s degree. 3. A total of 92 participants (73.6%) responded “no” when asked whether they have been in an accident within the last two years. 4. According to a comparative analysis for driving courtesy, observance of traffic law, and emotional control, 53 fire officials (64.7%) and 27 medical personnel (56.8%) responded “never” or “sometimes yes” when asked if they merge into traffic without concern as to who has the right-of-way. This was a significant difference between (p<0.002). 5. According to observing the red light on traffic signals when no pedestrians or cars are visible, 56 fire officials (68.3%) and 24 medical personnel (54.5%) responded that under certain situations they did not observe the traffic law. This was a significant difference between groups (p<0.046). 6. According to the risks of driving while under medication, 35 fire officials (42.7%) and 9 medical personnel (20.5%) responded that they were aware of no additional risks when driving. A total of 15 medical personnel (34.1%) responded that they did not know if there were any risks. This was significant (p<0.001). 7. According to thinking it is normal to respond in anger when another driver makes a mistake, 43 fire officials (52.4%) responded “no”; however, 13 medical personnel (29.5%) responded “very much so”, and 13 medical personnel (29.5%) responded “yes”. This was significant (p=0.000). 8. According to the condition of the car you are driving, “it is not automatically dangerous even if the brakes are worn out”, 48 fire officials (58.5%) responded “not at all dangerous”, while 24 medical personnel (55.8%) responded “not dangerous”.