Several allografts processed through the tissue banking industry have various capacities of reconstruction of bone. The
biological function of processed bone can be impacted by many factors including particle size, processing parameters
and inclusion/exclusion of mineral and moisture etc. For example, Freeze drying offers a safe and economical means of
packaging, shipping, storage, and preservation of homologous bones. Demineralization of cortical bone via hydrochloric
acid produces a uniform demineraized surface with osteoinduction capacity.
The object of this study was to evaluate the processing methods of allogenic bone and to identify processed materials for
recipient site. It is important to understand the biological and biomechanical healing of different types of allografts so
that the right choice of allogenic bone is used for each clinical application in order to achieve a successful outcome for
alveolar bone reconstruction in dental surgery.