Toigye s reading poems are oriented toward normative values, which is demonstrated in the ways that the speaker senses natural beauty and makes it Gwangdaehwahae as an appropriate norm based on teachings by sages. The speaker, of course, did not orient himself to normative values from the beginning. His initial orientation was toward experiential values. He recorded a high achievement level with experiential values but could not reach the highest level, which drove him toward normative values. According to the speaker, it is important to achieve reading methods and efficacy in order to implement normative values. His reading methods include Hwalgan and Ido awareness, and his reading efficacy includes the Dokrak of Sugi and Dongrak of communication. The speaker only targets natural objects regardless of reading methods and efficacy, the values of his orientation are normative values focused on Cheonri rather than Insa. In the aspect of the personality theory, Toigye s reading poems hold significance in two major ways: they investigate Ui-ri and propose its practice methods through the speaker and set the human existence as the cosmic existence of Saengui awareness.