The purpose of this research is to effectively help to consult teenagers by examining their psychological characteristics who have low self-regulation. For this, this research has performed electroencephalography of neuro-feedback aimed at teenagers who requested consultation to a healthy family support center in Gyeonggi-do. As the result of the test, 8 teenagers of low self-regulation index as subjects have been interviewed in depth. Qualitative analysis has been performed according to the phenomenological study procedure of Colaizzi. The results of phenomenological study on psychological characteristics of teenagers having low self-regulation are as follows.
First, regarding their emotional features, subjects have ambivalent emotions and fear and anxiety in mind. Also, they feel revengeful suffering unfairness and feel deeply reproachful, disappointed and a lot depressed. Especially, teenagers of low self-regulation mainly have negative emotions such as anger and grudge. These negative feelings are not a main emotion but compositively combined with several ones, reinforcing their negative emotions.
Second, concerning the cognitive features, they turn out to not have the meaning as a student and distrust their surrounding environment and people and more value money rather than study. Also, as an irrational thought, they feel natural to use violence on their peers or juniors who made even petty mistakes like their being exposed to unjust violence due to their mistakes. This thought is enough to justify their own physical violence. In addition, this suggests that their thought of value for money rather than study intensifies irrational thoughts due to the flood tide of individualism and mammonism nowadays. On the one hand, not having a meaning as a student is reinforced from having negative images for a school and a student position and unreliable relationships with sparring peers or teachers.
Third, they behave in an impulsive manner depending on instant feeling and are easy to give up or commit misconduct. They also tend to be against authority and be violent when they lose their temper and feel enraged. This kind of anger and violence lean toward themselves and others and injure themselves. In addition, they are not aware of their own behaviors and distracted and careless. Fourth, regarding the relational features of subjects, they experienced an unfortunate childhood because of family discord. When they needed help |||they did not get appropriate help. Besides, they did not get enough support and love and form intimacy, not getting sympathy and acceptance. Therefore, they hate their family and break off their emotional relations with their family. These features make them sever relations selectively depending on their emotions and have restrictive personal relations.
In conclusion, the psychological characteristics of teenagers having low self-regulation indicate that emotions or thoughts and relation patterns do not work interact getting entangled each other, not acting separately. That is to say, subjects are living avoiding the problems under inferiority complex and feeling enraged, which influences their emotions and then this affects their thinking process making their behaviors expressed and the behaviors impact on relationship patterns.
The greatest significance of this study is to understand the psychological motivation and the background of thoughts behind their words and deeds when consulting teenagers of low self-regulation. Futhermore, counselors and teenager clients can establish close rapport so that it can help teenagers have a positive image in counseling and consultation improve qualitatively.