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아동기 기질의 발달적 변화가 지능발달에 주는 영향: 외향적 기질과 통제적 기질특성을 중심으로
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  • 아동기 기질의 발달적 변화가 지능발달에 주는 영향: 외향적 기질과 통제적 기질특성을 중심으로
  • Effect of Developmental Change in Children's Temperament on Intelligence Development - Focused on the ‘Extraversion’ and ‘Effortful Control’ Temperament
저자명
김수정,곽금주
간행물명
인간발달연구KCI
권/호정보
2014년|21권 3호(통권59호)|pp.29-50 (22 pages)
발행정보
한국인간발달학회|한국
파일정보
정기간행물|KOR|
PDF텍스트(0.81MB)
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서지반출

국문초록

본 연구의 목적은 만 5세부터 7세에 걸쳐 아동의 외향적 기질 특성과 통제적 기질 특성이 어떤 발달적 변화를 보이며, 이런 발달적 변화가 7세 아동 지능지수와 어떤 연계성을 보이는가를 알아보는 것이다. 연 구대상은 5세 아동과 아동의 어머니 100쌍이다. 5세, 6세, 7세에 걸쳐 총 3번 어머니의 보고로 아동의 기 질이 측정되었고, 7세 때 한국 웩슬러 아동 지능 검사를 통해 아동의 지능지수가 측정되었다. 아동의 외 향성 기질과 통제적 기질 특성을 중심으로 지능지수와 상관분석이 실시되었고, 아동기 기질의 발달적 변 화와 이런 발달적 변화가 지능발달에 주는 영향이 다변량 잠재성장모형을 통해 검증되었다. 첫 번째로 상관분석 결과에 따르면, 외향성의 기질 특성은 언어성 및 동작성 지능지수와 부적 상관을 보였으며, 통 제적 기질 특성은 동작성 및 언어성 지능 지수와 정적 상관을 보였다. 두 번째로 5세 때 아동들의 외향 적 기질 특성은 개인마다 차이를 보였으며, 3년간 외향적 특성에서의 변화율에서도 개인차를 보였다. 외 향적 기질 특성의 초기값은 언어성 및 동작성 지능지수에 부적으로 영향을 주었다. 세 번째로, 5세 때 통 제적 기질 특성은 개인마다 차이를 보였고 3년간 변화율에서도 개인차를 나타냈다. 통제적 기질의 변화 율은 언어성 지능지수에 근소하게 긍정적 영향을 주었으며, 통제적 기질 특성의 초기값은 동작성 지능지 수에 긍정적인 영향을 주었다. 본 연구결과는 아동기 기질과 지능 간 연계성을 종단적으로 분석함으로써 기질이 지능발달에 영향을 주고 있다는 사실을 제안해 주고 있다.

영문초록

The purpose of this study was to examine how children’s extraversion and effortful control temperament develop from ages 5 to 7, and how this developmental change is associated with their intelligence at age 7. The participants in this study comprised 100 pairs of 5-year-old child and their mothers. The temperaments of participating children were measured with mothers’ reports at 5, 6, and 7 years of age, and their intelligence was measured using K-WISC III at the age 7. The effect of the developmental changes in children’s temperament on intelligence development was investigated by means of latent growth modeling. According to the results, the ‘extraversion’ temperament was negatively correlated with Verbal IQ and Performance IQ. The ‘effortful control’ temperament was positively correlated with PIQ and VIQ. Next, there were individual differences in children’s extraversion at the age of 5, and these individual differences were also observed in the rate change over the next 3 years. ‘Extraversion’ temperament at the age of 5 negatively affected both PIQ and VIQ. Lastly, there were individual differences in children’s ‘effortful control’ at the age of 5, and the rate change in ‘effortful control’ from 5 to 7 also showed individual differences. The rate change of the ‘effortful control’ temperament had a marginally positive effect on VIQ, and the initial values of ‘effortful control’ had a positive effect on PIQ. Through longitudinal analyses of relations between children's temperament and intelligence, the study findings suggest that temperament affects intelligence development.

목차

Ⅰ . 서 론
Ⅱ . 연구방법
Ⅲ. 결과 및 해석
Ⅳ. 논의 및 결론
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